Is Your Family Prepared?


72 hours - is your family preparted


 Would your family be prepared to cope on their own for at least the first 72 hours of an emergency?

 Check in on the following website for information and ideas on how to get your family prepared to cope for 72 hours on their own.


know the risks


 STEP 1.  Know the Risks - Emergency Preparedness


 Northwestern Ontario is vulnerable to a variety of natural and human-caused hazards. Make sure you and your family know what the hazards and risks are in the area you live.

 After understanding these risks you can make a plan and then get a kit.

 General Precautions

 For any incident make sure you know the general precautions you should take.

 Hazards with greatest possibility/impact for the entire Region

 (These are hazards that would affect the entire Region)

•Severe Weather Events •Winter Storms •Snowstorms & Blizzards

•Ice/Sleet Storms

•Forest Fires


•Extreme Cold

•Failure of Water Infrastructure • Water-main Network

•Pumping Stations

•Human Health Epidemics



 Hazards with lower possibility/impact




•Power Outages


•Hazardous Spills


 Personal Emergencies

•Basement Flooding


•Fires in the Home

•Medical Emergencies



STEP 2. – Making a Plan

Planning ahead will help you have the best possible response to disaster.


Discuss with your family the disasters that can happen where you live. Establish responsibilities

for each member of your household and plan to work together as a team. Designate alternates in case

someone is absent.


Choose two places to meet after a disaster:

-Right outside your home, in case of a sudden emergency, such as a fire.

-Outside your neighborhood, in case you cannot return home or are asked to evacuate your


Choose an out-of-area contact for all members of the family to call in case of disaster. The selected

contact person should live far enough away that they would be unaffected by the same event, and they

should know they are the chosen contact. Remember that during a disaster, it may be easier to make a

long distance phone call than to call across town.

Having predetermined meeting places will save time and minimize confusion should your home be

affected or if the area is evacuated.


Each adult in your household should learn how and when to turn off utilities such as electricity,

water and gas. Ask your local fire department to show you how to use a fire extinguisher.

Tell everyone in the household where emergency information and supplies are kept. Make copies of

the information for everyone to carry with them. Keep the information updated.

Practice evacuating your home twice a year. Drive your planned evacuation route and plot alternate

routes on a map in case main roads are impassable or grid-locked.

Include your pets. If you must evacuate, take your animals with you. If it is not safe for you to remain,

it is not safe for them.



basic 72 hour emergency kit




 Get a kit to allow you and your family to be self-sufficient for at least 72 hours. This will allow the individuals/agencies responding to an emergency to focus their attention on the emergency situation itself. Getting a kit is the last step towards preparing you and your family for an emergency.

 Remember that these are only suggestions and your family’s kit will be unique to your needs.




  Assemble a 72 hour Go-Kit to use during an evacuation of your home or community.

 Make sure everyone living in the home knows where to find the Go-Kit.Pack at least the following items with a minimum 72 hour supply into an easy to carry container, such as a backpack or duffle bag:



 -Battery-operated or crank radio

 -Spare batteries (for flashlight and/or radio)

 -First-aid kit

 -Candles and matches/lighter

 -Extra car keys and cash

 -Important papers (copies of identification, insurance policies)

 -Non-perishable food and bottled water (as much as your family Can manage to carry)

 -Items needed to open food (such as a manual can opener)

 -Clothing and footwear

 -Blankets or sleeping bags

 -Toilet paper and other personal hygiene items

-Medication (especially prescription – 72 hours worth at least)

 -Eyewear (glasses/contacts)

 -Whistle (to attract attention, if needed)

 -Playing cards (or other quiet games/toys)


 -Map of your community (for locating shelters)

 -A copy of the Personal Emergency Preparedness Guide


 Check it twice a year to ensure freshness of food, water and medication and to restock any items you may have borrowed.




 You may need to shelter-in-place or stay in your home during an extended power or water outage. You and your family need to be prepared to do this for at least 72 hours (you may have some of these items in your Family Emergency Go-Kit).


 Stock the 6 basics:

 1. Water

 Store at least a 3-day supply for each member of your family.

 Children, nursing mothers and people who are ill require more water.


 2. Non-perishable food

 Store at least a 3-day supply and select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water.


 3. First aid supplies

 Purchase a complete first aid kit and first aid manual.

 Add personal care items such as toothpaste and soap, and a supply of non-prescription drugs


 4. Tools and supplies, such as:

 Battery-operated radio, flashlight and extra batteries

 Lantern and fuel, candles

 Compass, matches in a waterproof container, signal flare, whistle

 Pocket knife or multi-tool


 5. Clothing & bedding, such as:

 1 change of clothing and footwear per person

 Rain gear

 Blankets or sleeping bags



 6. Special items

 Keep important family records and documents in a waterproof, portable container or a bank safety deposit box including:

 Photo ID (passports, driver's license, etc...) health cards

 Bank account, credit card numbers and a small amount of cash

 Photos of family members in case you are separated


 Store items in a waterproof pack or dufflebag and make sure everyone knows where to find it.



 Include medications, denture needs, corrective lenses, hearing aids and batteries for family members with special needs, such as children and elderly or disabled persons, as well as in your Go-Kit.

 Extra wheelchair batteries, oxygen, medication, catheters, food for service animal(s), plus other special equipment you might need.

 A list of individuals to contact in the event of an emergency.

 A list of the style and serial numbers of medical devices, such as pacemakers.

 Also, store back-up equipment, such as a manual wheelchair, at a neighbour’s home, school or your workplace.

 Keep the shut-off switch for oxygen equipment near your bed to reach it quickly if there is a fire.



 The Ontario SPCA suggests your kit include the following items:

 72 hour supply of food, bowls and can opener

 72 hour supply of bottled water medical records, especially proof of vaccination (note that most boarding facilities will not accept pets without proof of current vaccination records)

 Current photo of pet in case he gets lost

 ID tag (micro-chipping also recommended)

 Check it twice a year to ensure freshness of food, water and medication and to restock any items you may have borrowed.